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Category: Great O Antiphons
The Great O Antiphons are short chants used in Christian ritual based on the Magnificat and used at Vespers of the last seven days of Advent in Western Christian traditions.
They are referred to as the “O Antiphons” because the title of each one begins with the vocative particle “O”. Each antiphon refers to one of the names or attributes of Christ as mentioned in Scriptures. They are:
17 December: O Sapientia (O Wisdom)
18 December: O Adonai (O Lord)
19 December: O Radix Jesse (O Root of Jesse)
20 December: O Clavis David (O Key of David)
21 December: O Oriens (O Dayspring)
22 December: O Rex Gentium (O King of the Nations)
23 December: O Emmanuel (O With Us is God)
The exact origin of the O Antiphons is not known, but Boethius (480–524) made reference to them, suggesting their existence during the sixth century.
O Come O Come Emmanuel : Lyrics
1. O come, O come, Emmanuel,
And ransom captive Israel;
That mourns in lonely exile here,
Until the Son of God appear.
Rejoice! Rejoice! Emmanuel
Shall come to thee, O Israel!
2. O come, thou Rod of Jesse, free
Thine own from Satan’s tyranny;
From depths of hell thy people save,
And give them victory o’er the grave.